Some Facts About Rusted Spotted Cat

The rusty cat Prionailurus rubiginosus competes with the black-legged Felisnigripes and Kodkod Leopardus guigna as the world’s smallest wild cat breed. Some describe it as a smaller, “washed” version of the cheetah Prionailurus bengalensis.

The coat is short and smooth with a greasy brown-grey comb and more or less rusty brown spots. There are iron bars on the legs and chest. Inside, the abdomen and legs are white. The eyes are quite large, with a grey-brown to the amber iris. The ears are short and round, the back is reddish-grey, and there are light spots at the base of the ears. Its feet are relatively short, and its feet have black soles. The tail is reasonably long, red from the body, and inconspicuous.


Found only in India, Sri Lanka, and a little Nepal, it was previously thought that the spotted rusty cat only lived in moist forests. Recent records show that cats can also be found in arid forests, bamboo groves, wooded grasslands, arid shrubs, and rocky hillsides.

Rusty spotted cat are found in abandoned homes in a densely populated area of ​​southern India, far from what is considered a jungle habitat. Tammuz and rats can feed around and near the house. A young woman was found on a tea plantation in Sri Lanka and showed some tolerance toward changing habitats.


These cats are thought to be nocturnal, but little is known about their lives. Although they have a reputation for being greedy hunters who hunt particularly ferocious prey, their diet probably consisted of small animals that were often killed to hunt domestic chickens.

The nineteenth-century naturalist TC Jardon kept a cat with rusty spots and chased squirrels on the rafters of his home. When presented with a small deer, the cat immediately grabbed her by the towel and had to pull her before releasing her.

Spotted rusty cats are skilled mountaineers and can hunt on trees and soil. In Sri Lanka, winged termites are eaten and observed near termite mounds, especially after heavy rainfall.

In eastern Gujarat, India, they have been observed in caves and evacuated into large stone tombs. They hunted in the grass and bamboo bushes or attacked branches on large trees and jumped directly at the prey on the ground. 

The cats were found on the edge of the forest instead of the dense coverts of the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis and the leopard Pantherapardus, where the main prey was small rodents who prefer cultivated land. During the monsoon season, the jungle cat Phyllis Chaus moves to a rusty habitat to hunt toads and takes the kittens away from their larger cousins.


Most bitches keep the fever for about three days, but longer if the female has not mated. The fry is seasonally captive, but two feral cats were found in February.

About 67 days after conception, 1 to 3 kittens are born in distant caves. Newborns weigh less than eggs. Kittens do not have rusty spots on adults, and the iris is light blue. It is 12 years old and has been reported in captivity.

Maintenance work

Due to its small size and ability to control rodents, kitten rusty spotted cat can survive without being caught by humans. However, these cats are often mistakenly hunted as young Panthera pardus, hunted for their fur and flesh, and their dogs killed. Crossbreeding with wild cattle has also been observed. Nothing is known about the condition of wild rusty cats.

Since 2016, the world’s wildlife has been listed as an almost endangered species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List because it is fragmented and affected by the loss and destruction of its main habitat, the deciduous forests.

Rusty spotted cat have short, grey-red fur on most of their bodies and rusty spots on their backs and sides. Four dark streaks pass through the eyes, two extending from the neck. There are 6 dark streaks on the sides of the head that extend to the cheeks and forehead.  They are 35-48 cm (14-19 inches) long, 15-30 cm (5.9-11.8 inches) in the tail and weigh only 0.9-1.6 kg (2.0-3.5 lb ).

It’s a duplicate

The female’s heat lasts 5 days, and the mating is unusually short. During this period, the female is vulnerable, so shortening her can be an adjustment to help her avoid larger predators. They prepare caves in remote areas and give birth to a kitten or two after 65-70 days of gestation.

At birth, rusty spotted cat size weighs only 60-77 grams (2.1-2.7 ounces) and is lined with black dots. The rusty-spotted cat was bred 12 years ago, but its age in the wild is unknown.

It’s a diet

The diet of rusty spotted cat has not been properly recorded. Also, insects, lizards, frogs, and even bats a re opportunistic and sometimes bring in poultry. In the Gujarat region, rodents are registered as the main prey.

Rusty-spotted cats are graceful climbers, but they spend most of their time on the ground. They usually climb trees to avoid predators. Rusty cats are nocturnal (active at night) animals. During the day, it is grown in hollow tree trunks, trees, or dense vegetation.

Rusty-spotted cats sometimes live on farms and fields near human settlements to hunt poultry. For this reason, rusty-spotted cats are classified as pests in some parts of their normal range. The natural enemy of cats with rusty spots is humans. Cats with rusty spots can live in captivity for 18 years. Spotted rusty cat are said to be easily tamed, expressive, playful, and loving.


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